◊ High fertility, early maturing, excellent feed converters, easy keepers, and very gentle in nature
◊ Thick, deep-bodied, short-legged, muscular, and chunky in appearance
◊ Excellent for small properties, since 2 to 3 animals may be kept instead of one standard animal
◊ Excellent show animals or children’s 4-H or FFA projects because of natural gentleness and smaller size
◊ Better than standard animals in cow/calf weaning ratio, rib eye area per 100 weight, & dressing percentage
◊ Allow for agriculture tax exemptions for lower property taxes
◊ Hardy and adaptable to many climates from cold Canada, to humid Southeast, to hot and dry Southwest
◊ Ideal for retired folks who may want cattle as a hobby, pet, secondary income, or full-time business
◊ Docile and sweet temperament
◊ Less manure
◊ More tender meat due to cell-structure and shorter tendons
Even though the Mini-Hereford breed was created over 35 years ago, there are still very few in the world today. This gives the long-term breeders market unlimited potential to expand, increasing the ability to sell their cattle. Also the smaller sized cattle are great for those who don’t have the time or the land for a full scale farm. Two to three miniature cattle will only eat as much grass and feed as one average full-sized cow will, which is why 5 to 20 acres is perfect for them.
Whether you are moving from the city to start a farm or you already operate a farm and just want to embark on a new type of farming, minis could be the right type of livestock for you. Some farmers enjoy them as a hobby and may even want to begin raising them as supplementary retirement income. Minis can also serve as a valuable tax incentive for your property.
If you are looking into selling your cattle for beef, minis are great because they produce some of the most tender and best tasting meat you can get. Minis provide a smaller amount of beef for a single family to consume within the recommended freezer shelf-life; one man can easily hang a quarter of beef and process it himself.
Minis also make great children’s 4-H or school FFA projects. Miniature Herefords also make wonderful show cattle in competitions nationwide. Because the mini can adapt well to a variety of climates, this allows the farmer to expand his marketability. Everything about the Miniature Hereford breed is great, they have no down side.
The Hereford cattle breed was first started 250 years ago by the Tomkins family in Herefordshire, England. In the late 1960s, Point of Rocks Ranch in Fort Davis, Texas used certified dwarf-free Hereford bloodlines to create the Miniature Hereford cattle we know today. By 1989 breeding stock was available for sale. Point of Rocks
Ranch still maintains 11 separate
bloodlines to ensure a sufficient genetic
base for breeding of the Miniature
For a bovine to be classified as a “miniature” they are scored by frame. Most Miniature Hereford frames range from 37 to 43 inches at the hip. The charts below explain the frame scoring for the Miniature Herefords with 5-ought being the smallest.
Smallest to Largest
Five-Ought (00000): 37” – 39”
Four-Ought (0000): 39” – 41”
Three-Ought (000): 41” – 43”
Two-Ought (00): 43” – 45”
One-Ought (0): 45” – 47”
Smallest to Largest
Four-Ought (0000): 36” – 39”
Three-Ought (000): 39” – 41”
Two-Ought (00): 41” – 42”
One-Ought (0): 43” – 45”
Frame scores are determined by measuring from the ground to the top of the animal’s hip bone. While a miniature Hereford is smaller in height size, a good miniature Hereford will maintain their conformation as their larger counterparts. For more information on frame scores, please see the preceding section..."Adult Frame Scores".
The American Hereford Association is the official registry for Miniature Herefords. A certificate of registration from the American Hereford Association is required. True Miniature Herefords registered through the AHA have pedigrees going back over 100 years and are determined to be free of dwarfism. This is very important and beneficial to insure the purity of bloodlines and predictability of offspring.
◊ Care: Miniature Herefords are very hardy animals and do well in most areas. Keeping them current on vaccinations and worming is also important and can be done with or without a veterinarian's help.
◊ Nutrition: No special feed is necessary for the Minis: good pasture or quality grass hay, a salt/trace mineral supplement, and clean water are for the most part all that is required.
◊ Reproduction: Heifers are bred to calve at 2 to 3 years of age. Bulls are ready to go to work by 1-1/2years old. We have found the Minis to have very little difficulty calving. Calf birth weights average 20 to 45 lbs. The cows are good mothers with plenty of milk.
◊ Disposition: Herefords have always been known for their docile temperament, and the miniatures are no exception. In fact, their smaller size makes them even easier to work with.